Sunday, April 21, 2019

Maude Pattillo 1893 - 1978 My Grandaunt on My Father's Side

Maude with friends in Los Angeles Park 1910
Note: This post was written jointly with Maude's granddaughter Joyce Tucker Modugno.

Maude Pattillo is the last in this series of the children of James William Pattillo and his wife Carrie Brooks Stover. Maude was the twin of Ruby but her life was much different from Ruby’s life. She was born on March 25, 1893, in Los Angeles, California. She and Ruby had three older siblings Jo, Mary, and Lewis and a younger brother Elmer. Biographies for each sibling can be found on this blog.

Maude attended the Girls Collegiate School and graduated from Manual Arts High School, so she stayed in school longer than some of her siblings. On February 15, 1907, Maude was invited to attend a recital given by Miss Mamie Adamson. This was a large event written about in the Los Angeles Herald newspaper.

Maude as a young girl
After graduating from high school Maude took a job as the “Gold Cashier” at Bullock’s Department Store in downtown Los Angeles. Her job was to calculate the exchange value for certified gold nuggets or dust and pay out cash for store purchases. Sounds like an interesting position. I believe that was the only time she worked outside the home.

Two years after completing high school Maude married Otto William Baty on September 4, 1912. Maude was nineteen and Otto was twenty. Otto was the son of William Rosecrans Baty (1859-1954) and Lillian “Lily” Elizabeth Schawm (1870-1932). He was born in Iowa on June 25, 1892. When they were first married, they were living in Los Angeles with Maude’s parents but when the 1920 census was taken they were living in Fresno, California at 3406 Nevada Street. The census noted that Otto was working as a cement worker so he might have been working with his father-in-law or somehow gotten a job because of his connection with Maude’s father.
Otto Baty

A little more than nine months after Maude and Otto were married Maude gave birth to Evelyn Virginia Baty on June 28, 1913. Maude was twenty at the time. Three years later, Dorothy Baty was born on April 16, 1916. Dorothy was born at Inglewood Park Cemetery – a rather strange place to be born but that is where her father was working at the time as a groundskeeper and gravedigger. Dorothy was born a few months after Maude’s mother Carrie had died. Maude and Otto’s third child Robert Lawrence Baty was born when Maude was 29, on November 19, 1922, and their last child – a son Jerry Otto was born several years later on January 12, 1930, when Maude was thirty-six. Maude’s brother Elmer died on September 30, 1925, when Maude was thirty-two and her father died eleven months after Elmer.

In April of 1930, Maude and Otto were living at 3924 Huntington Boulevard in Fresno with their four children. They owned their own home which was valued at $11,000. This valuation was right in the middle of others on the census page. Otto was still working as a cement contractor when the census was taken. In May of 1931, the Van Nuys News reported that Maude and Otto attended a reunion at the home of Frank Swallow in Fresno. Maude’s brother Lewis and his wife Anna also attended as did Mr. and Mrs. John Adams of Roseville, and Mr. and Mrs. Fred Buntain of Modesto. Bessie Buntain was a Pattillo cousin.
Baty home in Fresno

In 1932, Maude and Otto moved back to Los Angeles and in 1934 they were living in the San Fernando Valley at 1600 Mission Boulevard. That is where they were when their daughter Evelyn married Don Weirick on May 12, 1934. From 1940 to 1950 Maude and Otto were living at 10721 Zelzah in the Granada Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles.

According to Joyce Modugno, Maude’s granddaughter, “The reason the Baty family moved to Los Angeles was because of the Great Depression. Work in the concrete construction business was scarce for non-government workers.” Joyce’s mother told the story that “the “folks” never really wanted to move from Fresno, but they had no choice. Otto loved living near the Western Sierra’s with the lakes and hunting. Maude loved their home on Huntington where she had many friends.” Joyce’s mother, Dorothy “was approaching her senior year of high school and never let anyone in the family forget that she was torn away from her school and her friends.”

When they moved to Los Angeles, Joyce continues, "The area that they settled in was just less than a mile from the San Fernando Mission "San Fernando Mission Blvd". That house remained until the northern end of the 405 freeway was built in the late 1960's-early 1970s."

Home on Zelzah Avenue
Joyce explains, “My grandfather quickly reinvented himself by realizing that the northern portion of the San Fernando Valley was a rural area primarily covered with mile after mile of orange groves, grapefruit groves, and lemon groves.  He had a good knowledge of citrus trees since upon moving from Iowa to California as a child, his family had settled in Highgrove near Riverside, the original home of the "Navel Oranges" famous as the eating orange which ripened in the mild California fall and early winter. He knew a great deal about the insects and diseases that attacked the citrus and he saw this as an opportunity to start a business in the area of Granada Hills.  Dorothy Baty would tell the story of her father Otto going to the Security National Bank in San Fernando, introducing himself to the manager, explaining his plan to start his "pest control and citrus fumigating" business and after a handshake with the manager Tom Binda, walked out with his business loan!  This type of trust in the middle of the Depression. Otto's business was a great success providing work for many members of the family including Joyce’s Uncle Bob and her father, Ransom Tucker after WWII was over. Joyce’s mother Dorothy also worked for the company after Ransom died suddenly in 1959.
Page from the book that tells about
Otto's fumigation business
Otto was a very successful entrepreneur who utilized the latest technology and equipment to grow orange trees. A book about Granda Hills said this about Otto, "In 1938, Otto W. Baty migrated to Granada Hills from Fresno, California.  The Baty family built their home and cultivated 40 acres of citrus trees at 10721 Zelzah Avenue - today the site of the Granada Village Shopping Center at the northwest corner of Chatsworth Street and Zelzah Avenue.  Baty established the Otto W. Baty Company, known locally as "Baty's", one of the San Fernando Valley's most successful commercial fumigation services for local citrus orchards."  Photo supplied by his daughter-in-law Marilyn DeFreitas Baty. He moved away from Granada Hills in 1955.”

In 1958, Otto owned a 60-acre ranch in Ojai Valley that he named the "Lily E" after his mother. He raised black Angus cattle, grew oranges and kept bees. But by about 1961, the handwriting was on the wall for the citrus industry in the San Fernando Valley so Otto sold the ranch in Ojai and moved to Los Osos where he and opened Baty's Bottle Shop - a liquor store where his two sons worked for him. Joyce’s grandparent's youngest son, Jerry and his family, lived on the ranch, helping the "old man" out until they all moved to Los Osos.” 
Newspaper article about Maude making hooked rugs.

One of Maude’s many interests was making hooked rugs. A newspaper ran a story about Maude and noted that she had won a number of awards. She also enjoyed gardening and I’ve been told had a lovely garden at her home that was full of fruit trees, a vegetable garden and many varieties of roses, camellias and seasonal flowers. Joyce comments, “Maude certainly had a green thumb”. 

Of all the Pattillo siblings Maude was the most actively engaged in community affairs. I found several newspaper articles about her between 1946 and 1958 – after her children were raised. Maude was very involved with the Granada Hills-Northridge Garden Club. In May of 1946, the Van Nuys News ran a story about Maude organizing a garden club sponsored blood drive for the Red Cross. According to her granddaughter Joyce, Maude was given an award from the USO for all the blood they collected. The need for blood was probably related to World War II which had ended nine months previously.
Maude's garden club ran a successful blood drive in  1946.
Maude second from the left in the front row of women.

In June of 1946, Maude again hosted a garden club tea at her home with the Granada Hills Garden Club. This was a floral display titled Rainbow Gardens. In April of 1950, Maude hosted another event with the Garden Club. After the club meeting and election of officers the group had lunch at Pierre’s in Pasadena and then they toured the gardens at the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. I would have enjoyed that event. The club had forty-eight members according to the news story and was federated with the California Garden Club, Inc.

In February of 1951, the paper reported on another garden club event hosted by Maude – a tour of El Descanso Gardens located in La Canada/Flintridge as part of a three-day event hosted by the California Arboretum Foundation. The last article I found was from February of 1958 when they reported that Maude helped host a luncheon for the Granada Hills Women’s Club. The Glas Belles choral group provided entertainment for a luncheon hosted by Mrs. John Zenio. According to Joyce, Maude was a founder of the Granada Hills Women’s Club. 

Another garden club gathering.
Of all her siblings Maude was also very generous. She and her husband Otto opened there home to at least two of her siblings at various times. Her younger brother Elmer and his wife Winifred were living with Maude and Otto when the 1920 census was taken and her older sister Mary lived with them for several years when Mary was divorced and needed financial support.

One thing that is noteworthy about Maude is that everyone who knew her personally commented on how stylish she was – that she loved nice clothes and lingerie. My mother Lottie said, “Maude was always well dressed and had her hair and makeup done”. Laine, a grandniece said that she heard that “Maude was outgoing, quite a character and forward-thinking as a young woman." Joyce heard that "Maude was a bit spoiled and short-tempered – but not with her." She recalls, "I remember my Mom whisking me away when those two old sisters got to fighting and using words I wasn't supposed to hear!" Both Laine and Joyce report that Maude was her father’s favorite so he spoiled her. After Maude married Otto, he took over spoiling her. 
Otto and Maude in her mink stole

When she was middle-aged until her death Maude suffered from diabetes – the same disease her mother had. Prior to her death at age 84 she spent a short time in a convalescent home. She died on January 22, 1978, when she was living in Los Osos, in San Luis Obispo County, California. She was interred in a niche near Otto, Dorothy, and Jerry at Los Osos Valley Memorial Park. Of all the Pattillo siblings only Mary was still living when Maude died and she died three years later in 1981.

Maude in middle with one or two of her sisters and friends
Jo Pattillo standing at left, Maude seated at left, Otto in front
on left with Evelyn in a big bow in front of Otto.
Otto's parents Lillian and William Baty (left)

William Baty portrait
Otto's Office on Rinaldi Street in Granada Hills, San
Fernando Valley was painted dark green and had yellow awnings
Maude with sons Robert and Jerry
Maude with daughter Dorothy in San Francisco
Maude with son Robert
Maude's daughter Dorothy
Baty Family - Robert, Jerry, Dorothy, Evelyn, Maude & Otto
Otto and Maude
More hooked rugs. Maude on right.
Maude's daughter Dorothy and Maude's
granddaughter Joyce Tucker Modugno

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Ruby Tipton Pattillo 1893 - 1969 My Grandaunt on My Father's Side

One of only a few photos I have of Ruby
Ruby and her twin sister Maude were born March 25, 1893, in Los Angeles, California when the family was living at 142 East 81st Street. Our family lore suggests that their mother Carrie Brooks Stover Pattillo gave birth to three sets of twins. Only Ruby and Maude lived to adulthood. I have found no records for the other sets of twins. It is also believed that it was a difficult birth and that Ruby was deprived of oxygen for a time. As a result, she suffered some sort of mental deficiency. Possibly because of this and for other reasons Ruby was estranged from the family during much of her life. As a result, not a lot is known about Ruby or the life she lived.

Ruby was listed on the 1900 and 1910 censuses living with her family. In 1900, Ruby was seven and the family home was at 212 Jefferson Street in Los Angeles. They were still in Los Angeles in 1910 when Ruby was seventeen. I found Ruby in the 1914 directory living at 1309 W. 51st Street and in the 1917 book living at 1329 W. 53rd Street. 
Harper Dell Royce's headstone found on the FindAGrave site
Ruby and Royce's marriage certificate 
On April 4th in 1927, Ruby married Harper Dell Royce. It was a second marriage for Harper who first married Daisy Jane Kurtz in 1892. Harper was born in Murray, Iowa on July 14, 1871. He was the son of Dorvil Arthur Royce and Frances Bell. Harper was listed as a widow on the 1910 census. That same year he moved to Los Angeles. Harper was more than twenty years older than Ruby. Sometime after 1934, Harper married for a third time to Lillian Hester Kurtz. I have not found any record of the dissolution of Ruby’s marriage but presumably, they were divorced. Harper was killed in a car accident on May 8, 1947, and is buried in the Odd Fellows Cemetery in Los Angeles.

I found several voter registrations for Ruby between 1930 and 1958. Interestingly, from 1930 to 1936 she registered as a Republican but in 1946 she switched to the Democratic party and continued to register as a Democrat until 1958. She was living in Los Angeles during this time at various addresses. On her 1930 registration form she was listed as a typist – so she was employed whereas when she was married to Harper she was listed as a Housewife in 1934. At that time, they were living at 111 Melrose in Los Angeles. 
336 N. Kilkea Drive where Ruby lived in 1939
In 1939, Ruby resided at 336 N. Kilkea Drive, Los Angeles. In 1946, she registered at 663 ½ S. Kenmore Avenue, and in 1956 and 58 she was at 443 S. Catalina Street. No other details were provided on those registration records.
 
443 S. Catalina Street where Ruby was living in 1956 and '58
At various times Ruby’s father James, her brother Elmer and his wife Winifred, and her sister Mary each lived with Ruby’s twin Maude and Maude’s husband Otto. I also have records of their cousins Ada and James Nelson Pattillo living with family members. But, at no time after reaching adulthood did Ruby live with her sister Maude or any other member of the family – at least not that I’ve found a record for or heard about. So, she was an independent woman.

Ruby died on May 14, 1969, and is buried in Los Angeles but I don’t know where specifically.

Maude and Ruby as toddlers
Ruby's mother Carrie left and Ruby holding her cat
1914 Los Angeles Directory lists Ruby at 1309 51st Place
306 W. Palm where Ruby lived in 1932
Marriage record for Ruby and Royce
Grainy headshot of Ruby


Sources for the Post: US census, City of Los Angeles Directories, Voter Registration records, Ruby's marriage certificate, Google search and Google Earth, my second cousins Laine and Joyce

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Mary Pattillo 1886 - 1981 My Grandaunt on My Father's Side

Mary as a young woman
Mary Pattillo was the second daughter of Carrie Brooks Stover and James William Pattillo. She was born in Texas – probably in Shackelford County where her father purchased five acres from S.W. Rudd for $550 in 1884. When the 1900 census was taken, her family had moved to Los Angeles, California where Mary was living with her parents, older sister Jo, two younger sisters Maude and Ruby, and two brothers Lewis and Elmer. Mary was thirteen at the time. In 1908 and 1909, the family was living at 1217 Birch in Los Angeles, according to directory listings. Mary attended a private Catholic school in Los Angeles.

When Mary was 24 she appeared on the 1910 Los Angeles census still living with her family on 37th Avenue. She was employed as an exchange operator. Two years later she was living at 2707 LaSalle and was employed as a clerk at the California Fruit Growers Exchange. The Southern California Fruit Exchange began in 1893 as a way of stabilizing the market for growers and it still exists in 2018. 

In 1911, when Mary was 23 her older sister Jo and younger brother Lewis were both married in June and September. 
James William Pattillo with his three oldest children
Jo, Mary, and Lewis

When Mary was 25, she married Russell Fraser on August 22, 1912. Russell was 27. According to the 1910 census, Russell was the son of Bruce E. Fraser from New York and Lacie Fraser from Canada. He had a younger sister Marion. For some reason, this marriage ended in divorce, and by 1914, Mary was again living with her parents, sister Ruby, and brother Elmer at 1307 West 51st Street in San Pedro, California. In the 1916 Los Angeles directory Mary was still working as a clerk – it does not say where and at that time she was living with her Cousin Ada Pattillo at 1233 ½ West 7th Street.

Mary’s sister Maude was also married in 1912 and their mother Carrie Brooks Stover Pattillo died in January of 1916 when Mary was 28.

The Fruit Growers Exchange where Mary worked in 1910
found on Google
Mary married a second time to Cary O’Steen on March 26, 1918, when she was 31. Cary was the son of Lewis A. O’Steen and Emma Cora McKinney. Cary was born in Columbia, Florida on August 29, 1887. According to the 1900 census Cary completed school through the 5th grade. He and his family lived at 1 Hickory Sink, Suwannee, Florida in 1900. In 1910 the census showed that Cary was a stenographer for a boat line and was living on Lake Avenue in Hillsborough, Florida.

Around 1915, Mary adopted the Christian Science religion as did her sister Jo. Both were very devoted. Mary’s Grandniece, Joyce Tucker Modugno recalls that her Grandaunt Mary was always “reading one of those little red books” associated with the religion.

By 1917, Cary was living in Los Angeles where he registered for the draft for WWI. He and Mary appeared together on the 1920 Los Angeles census living at 3919 Vermont when Cary was working as a commercial bookkeeper. Mary’s mother-in-law Emma, 62 was living with them at that time. By 1929 Cary was working for the Burbank Mutual Life and Benefits Association. His name appeared on a financial report that I found on Google and identified him as the secretary-treasurer of the company.  Another document found on Google was a summary of a lawsuit which named both Cary and Mary as well as a Raymond O’Steen. The documentation is difficult for a non-attorney to understand but what I gather is that Cary and Burbank Mutual were sued in Monterey County Superior Court. Money was owed and Cary had hidden $2992 in a safe deposit box under the fictitious name of C. Collins – apparently to avoid paying what was owed. The 1900 census shows that Cary had two brothers and two sisters – none were named Raymond so the person named in the suit may have been an uncle or a cousin.

Despite these difficulties, Mary and Cary remained together appearing on the 1930 and 1940 censuses.  In 1930, they owned their home at 3 Country Club Knoll (now Drive) in the Sunset Canyon Country Club of Burbank. The home was valued at $3500 – the least expensive home in a very nice neighborhood and they had a swimming pool.
Mary and Cary's home in Burbank on Country Club Knoll

In 1940, their son Jack Cary O’Steen was also listed on the census. Jack was born on August 12, 1928, in Riverside. He was an adopted son and since he was not with Mary and Cary on the 1930 census he must have been adopted shortly after his second birthday.  In 1946, when Jack was eighteen he registered for the draft and got married. On his draft registration, he is described as being 6’2” tall, weighing 138 pounds and having brown eyes and black hair. He married Jeannine Dorsey the daughter of Roland and Sarah Isabel Dorsey. Jack and Jeannine were both residents of Washington DC according to their marriage license but for some unknown reason, they were married by a Justice of the Peace in Guilford County, North Carolina. Jeannine was born in DC. At some point, Jack moved back to Los Angeles and in 1954, when he registered to vote, he was living at 1196 West 10th Street. Jack died on June 21, 1985 – he was 56. 
Mary holding one of her nephews or nieces

When Cary registered to vote in 1944 he was employed as an accountant for the city which seems curious given his fiscal shenanigans just a few years earlier. He registered as a Democrat and was renting a home at 125½ Witmer Street, Los Angeles – the same address he and Mary lived at when the 1940 census was taken, and where they were living in 1935. Today, there is a multi-story parking garage at that location. Cary died sometime after 1944 but I have been unable to find a death record for him.

Mary was working as a bookkeeper in 1940. At some point, Mary either divorced or left Cary and went to live with her sister Maude and Maude’s husband Otto Baty on Zelzah Street in Granada Hills, California – that was in the 1950s. When Maude and Otto moved to Los Osos Mary moved with them. She remained there until shortly before her death on June 12, 1981, after spending some time in a convalescent home. She was 93 years old when she died - the last of her five siblings to die.

Joyce described Mary as "a woman ahead of her time, she was nice, attractive as a young woman and had a wonderful personality. Mary experienced a very sad life marrying Cary O'Steen who provided a very comfortable and seemingly secure life for Mary including a beautiful home in Burbank on Country Club Drive. She wore lovely jewelry and clothes.  They adopted a baby boy, named Jack when it was apparent that Mary couldn't carry a child to birth. The lifestyle and the marriage however soon fell apart when Cary was convicted of embezzlement and was sent to jail." That is about the time Mary started living with her sister Maude. Her son Jack rarely communicated with his adoptive mother after he left home. Joyce’s memory of Mary is of “a very sweet, small older lady, dressed in a “house” dress. I also remember her sitting on her bed and reading her religious pamphlets.”  Joyce’s daughter Krista inherited a large amethyst ring from her grandmother who inherited the ring from Mary.
Mary during the time she lived with her sister Maude and
brother-in-law Otto, probably in Los Osos

Another grandniece, Laine Lawrence recounted this story that her mother Elma shared about her aunt Mary, “Jo, Carl, and children were going to visit relatives in Fresno (before they moved there) and picked up Mary on the way.  Mary played golf at the time so it must have been while she was living in the Country Club community.  She was wearing knickers and Carl was scandalized by her apparel.  It was in the winter and Carl's car was a touring car with no windows only curtains.  So everyone but Mary was freezing crossing the Grapevine and Carl had to apologize for making such a fuss about her wearing knickers.  This story always made me think Mary was a very "modern" woman and a woman with self-confidence.

Unlike Joyce and Laine, I have no personal recollections of Mary. My connection is through Mary’s brother Lewis Pattillo, my grandfather who was very quiet. I don’t recall him ever talking about Mary or any of his other siblings. 

Souces For This Post: 1900 - 1940 censuses, directories, emails from Laine and Joyce.

Sunday, November 18, 2018

Jo Pattillo 1885-1958 My Grandaunt on My Father's Side

Jo Pattillo on her wedding day
Note: This post was written jointly with Jo's granddaughter Laine Lawrence, my second cousin.

Jo Pattillo began her life as a miraculous exception – she survived. Her mother Carrie Brooks Stover Pattillo had given birth at least three times before.   Three children had died and are buried in the Handley Cemetery in Tarrant County, Texas.   Jo would always say the reason that she had such an abbreviated name was because her mother had already given birth to seven children that had died before Jo was born on February 22, 1885.  Since her parents, James and Carrie Pattillo, didn’t expect her to live either they weren’t incline to waste a whole name so they just gave her the name Jo with no middle name.   It seems most likely that they named her for Carrie’s mother, Joanna Gaines Stover.  Jo died on February 23, 1958, one day after her 73rd birthday. She grew up, got married twice, moved to California, had children and grandchildren – just the way it’s supposed to happen. Within three years of her birth she and her family, including her baby sister Mary Pattillo, moved from Texas to California where her father started a concrete contracting business.

After the move to California, her brothers Lewis and Elmer and twin sisters Ruby and Maude were born. When the 1900 census was taken Jo was 15 years old and living with her parents and siblings at 212 Jefferson Street in Los Angles. She was attending school in Los Angeles.   On the 1910 census, Jo was living with her parents and her five siblings on West 37th Avenue in Los Angeles. She and her sister Mary were both working as exchange operators for the telephone company.
Jo and her sister Mary as toddlers

The following year, Jo married Carl Mixer Frink on June 1, 1911.  They honeymooned twenty-two miles away on Santa Catalina, Island.    Jo was 26 and Carl was 29.  Carl was the son of Charles E. Frink and Louisa Young.  He was born in Iowa and had lived in St. Paul, Minnesota and Chicago, Illinois.   As early as 1905 he had participated in and won medals for motorcycle cross-country endurance races.  When Carl moved to California, about 1909, he became a proprietor of the Frink and Bryant  Motorcycle Dealership in Los Angeles and was the Pacific Coast agent for Wagner Motorcycles.    Carl had asthma and as it became worse he sought employment working on the oil drilling rigs off the coast of Long Beach.  He worked for Puente Oil Company in San Pedro in Los Angeles County until his death.
Jo with her first  husband Carl Frink who died during the
flue pandemic of 1918.

Jo and Carl were living at 210 West 51st Street in 1916 when they registered to vote. Both identified themselves as “Progressives” – just one example of Jo being non-conventional. While this was not terribly uncommon at that time, it certainly was less routine than identifying themselves as either Democrat or Republican.

Jo and Carl had three daughters – Elma Mae born in 1912, Jeannette Louise in 2014, and Ruth Corrine in 2018.  Elma was born at the Clara Barton Hospital in Los Angeles.  Elma was named for Carl’s sister, Elma Mae.  Jeanette’s middle name was for his mother, Louise(a).

Early in 1916, when Jo was 30, her mother Carrie died from diabetes and pulmonary tuberculosis after a long illness. Carrie was cremated and her ashes are buried in Los Angeles.
Jo's daughter Elma and granddaughter Laine
Jo’s husband Carl died on October 27, 1918, less than a month before the war ended.   He died as a result of the Spanish flu pandemic that ultimately claimed 675,000 Americans and infected approximately one-third of the world’s population.  Twenty to fifty million people worldwide died.  Jo was widowed at the age of 33 with three daughters aged 6 and younger to raise. Laine Lawrence, Jo’s granddaughter recalls her mother Elma talking about Jo and how hard times were after Carl died. She told Laine, “Jo supported her family by making pies and selling them.  She kept the money she earned in a cookie jar on a shelf”.   Elma once climbed on the counter and stole a nickel from the jar.  She knew how hard her mother worked for her money and she carried that shame with her for the rest of life.  The other thing she was ashamed of was the first Christmas after her father’s death she asked for a porcelain doll, but Jo could only afford to get her a bisque doll.  Elma was so disappointed she threw it into the fireplace shattering it into many pieces.  Jo was so sweet that she would never get mad at her girls and never even said a word about the money or doll to Elma.” Elma told Laine, “The only thing she wanted of Jo’s after Jo died was that cookie jar so she would never forget about the bad thing she had done.”  
L-R Bessie's daughter, Bessie Boutain, Maude Pattillo, unknown,
Jo Pattillo, Joanna, and Anna Pattillo

In 1920, Jo was living at 558 West 40th Street in Los Angeles (San Pedro) with her three young daughters aged 7, 5 and 15 months. She was unemployed when the census was taken. It was about this time when Jo did an unconventional thing – she converted to the Christian Science religion. The primary tenant of the religion is that sickness is an illusion that can be corrected by prayer alone. From what I know of our Pattillo ancestors religion was not a strong factor in their lives. Jo’s mother Carrie was a descendant of Daniel Stover who was actively involved with the Baptist Church. Daniel was her great grandfather though – a distant relative. Her grandfather William Stover was a Trustee of the Baptist Church but I don’t know anything about her parent’s religious beliefs. With her family background and the fact that her first husband died from influenza, it seems particularly significant that Jo chose to practice this non-traditional religion. She adopted the faith during a time when the religion was growing in acceptance, so she must have been influenced by what she read and heard at the time. Her sister Mary also adopted the religion. Laine recalls that her grandmother had a photograph of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Christian Science church, in a chest that held the family photos.  Laine said, “I just thought she was another family member.” Jo raised all of her children as a Christian Scientist but none of them continued to practice that religion as they matured.
L-R Maude Pattillo, Unkown man, Jo Pattillo, probably Mary
Pattillo, and an unknown woman and man.

When Jo was 36 she married for a second time to Carl Joseph Miller.  They met when Jo was taking Baby Corrine “Corky” for a walk.  Carl supposedly was attracted to them by Corky's abundance of blond curls.   Carl was born in Missouri on April 14, 1890, so he was five years younger than Jo – one more unusual thing about Jo Pattillo to have married a younger man in a time when that was rarely done. I found Carl’s mother’s name Minnie on the 1900 and 1910 censuses but no father. He had three brothers. An older brother Charles was 16 in 1900, and two younger brothers, Harry and Leo. When they were married Carl was working as a police officer.
Jo's daughter Corrine with those curls
that attracted Carl Miller

By April of 1930, Jo and Carl were living at 4688 Inyo Street in Fresno. Today, that address has been redeveloped into what looks like townhouses. Their monthly rent, according to the census, was $25. Jo’s father and siblings had moved to Fresno in 1918 and James was still there in 1925 so apparently, Jo and her new husband moved there to join the rest of her family. Carl was working as a glazier for a glass company. All five of their children were listed in the household on the 1930 census, however, Elma was attending a boarding school in Oakland that year. They did not yet own a radio, according to the census.

Jo and Carl had two children. Patsy Irene Miller was born in 1922 when Jo was 37 and a son, James “Jim” Carl Miller in 1924 when Jo was 39 which was rather old to be giving birth – just one more example of Jo’s non-conventional life.  Jo was 40 when her brother Elmer died and 41 when her father James died.

In about 1930 Jo and Carl moved their family to Brentwood, Contra Costa County, California.   Al of their children with the exception of Elma graduated Liberty Union High School in Brentwood.  The 1940 census had Jo and Carl living in a rural area of Byron.  Patsy was 17 and Jim 15.  They were renting their home and paying rent of $16 per month. Carl was working as a clerk for the government earning $422 that year. Jo was not working outside the home.   However, there were times during those years when she would provide her services as a midwife or provide private nursing care.  It is unclear how she reconciled her passion for giving health care with her religious beliefs.
Standing L-R Corrine, Ed & Lottie Pattillo, Carl Miller, Jim
Front row L-R Elmer Gauger, Al Smith, Elma holding Karen
Jo (middle), Patsy Miller, Jeanne holding Sue
  

Carl and Jo lived in at least two houses in Concord, California in the 1940’s and 1950’s, the first was on Concord Boulevard. and the second on Walnut Road.  For the last eight to ten years of her life Jo was disabled with diabetes and was in need of daily assistance.  Most of the time she would be cared for in her home by Carl, Elma or Jeannette who made almost daily drives from Brentwood to Concord to cook and clean.  Other times, by rotation, she would stay with each of her children.  When her Christian Science belief’s kicked in, she would stop taking her insulin and end up in the hospital in a very grave condition.  Doctors were surprised that she would survive these episodes.

Towards the end of Jo’s life she probably had Alzheimer’s and as the disease progressed she was admitted to the Contra Costa County Hospital.  In the 1950’s there were no skilled nursing facilities for placement for seniors who did not have the resources for private care.  In the last few weeks of her life, she was moved to the Stockton State Hospital where she died. By then Carl had moved in with their son and his family at their home at 1382 Rosal Lane in Concord. 
1382 Rosal Lane home in Concord


Jo and her second husband Carl are buried in San Bruno at the Golden Gate National Cemetery for veterans. They are in section U, plot No. 2885.
Unknown, Jo and daughter Elma

Jo with her daughter Corrine (Corky) and
 two grandsons Mike and Tim (baby).

Elma, Evelyn and Jeaneatte

L-R Jeanette, Jo, Corky, and Elma

558 40th Street in San Pedro where Jo was living with
her 3 daughters in 1920
James William Pattillo with his two oldest daughters
Mary and Jo